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বাংলায় Tense শিখুন খুবই সহজ পদ্ধতিতে

Showing posts with label Affirmative Sentence (হাঁ -বাচক ). Show all posts
Showing posts with label Affirmative Sentence (হাঁ -বাচক ). Show all posts

English Speaking Basics Sentences

1. Fundamental utilization of 'I'm'

2. Varieties of 'I'm in/at/on'

3. I'm acceptable at

4. I'm + (action word)

5. I'm getting

6. I'm attempting + (action word)

7. I'm going to + (action word)

8. I have + (thing)

9. I have + (past participle)

10. I used to + (action word)

11. I need to + (action word)

12. I wanna + (action word)

13. I gotta + (action word)

14. I might want to + (action word)

15. I plan to + (action word)

16. I've chosen to + (action word)

17. I was going to + (action word)

18. I didn't intend to + (action word)

19. I don't have the opportunity to + (action word)

20. I vow not to + (action word)

21. I'd preferably + (action word)

22. I feel like + (action word ing)

23. I can't help + (action word ing)

24. I was occupied + (action word ing)

25. I'm not used to + (action word ing)

26. I need you to + (action word)

27. I'm here to + (action word)

28. I have something + (action word)

29. I'm anticipating

Future Tense তিনটি Form

Future Tense তিনটি Form

Future Indefinite 

Aff-He will read English.

Neg-He will not read English.

Int-Will he read English?

With Who
Who will read English,

Who other Wh
When will he read English?

Int. Neg:
Sub. Noun:
Will, not Ram read English?

Sub. Pronoun:
Will, he did not read English?

*Auxiliary: Shall/will
*Present Indefinite-এর  Verb form 

Future Continuous

Aff-He will be reading English.

Neg-He will not be reading English.

Int-Will he is reading English?

With Who
Who will be reading English?

Who other Wh
When will he be reading English?

Int. Neg:
Sub. Noun:
Will, not Ram be reading English?

Sub. Pronoun:
Will, he not be reading English?

*Auxiliary: Shall be/will be
*verb এর সঙ্গে ing যোগ হবে। 
Future Perfect 

Aff-He will have read English.

Neg-He will not have read English.

Int-Will he have read English?

With Who
Who will have read English,

Who other Wh
When will he have read English?

Int. Neg:
Sub. Noun:
Will, not Ram have read English?

Sub. Pronoun:
Will, he did not have read English?

*Auxiliary: Shall have/will have
*Verb এর সঙ্গে Past participle যোগ হবে।

Common English Expressions Daily Life

Important Common Sentence

Open mind------------------- খোলা মন। 
Slow and steady-------------ধীরস্থির ব্যক্তি। 
To look to--------------------- নির্ভর করা। 
Furthermore- ----------------অধিকন্তু।
Look, who is here ---------- এখানে কে, দেখেন। 
Carry on------------------------ চালিয়ে যাও। 
Go ahead--------------------- অগ্রসর হত্তয়া।
What a mess! ----------------- কি ঝামেলা। 
How so- ------------------------তা কি করে হয়। 
On The Other Hand---------- অন্য্ রকম ভাবে। 
Cheers- -------------------------আনন্দ প্রকাশ করা। 
Oh! Come on- -----------------ওহ! একটু বোঝার চেষ্টা করুন। 
Come of age------------------ সাবালক হয়। 
Free and easy-----------------সহজ সরল। 
Good job!------------------------সাবাশ। 
Take it easy---------------------শান্ত হও। 
No buts- -------------------------আর কিন্তু না। 
On the occasion of------------ উপলক্ষ্যে। 
In this connection---------------এ বিষয়ে। 
From a reliable source---------- বিশ্বস্ত সূত্রে। 
Due to------------------------------ কারণে। 
No more buts- -------------------আর কোনো কিন্তু নয়। 
My goodness- -------------------একি। 
Damn it - ---------------------------ধুৎ......!
Do your business- ---------------তোমার কাজ করো। 
Over there ----------------------- ওই তো ওখানে। 
Take over- -----------------------দায়িত্ব নেওয়া। 
Cats and dogs - -----------------মুষলধারে। 
Face to face - ---------------------সরাসরি। 
On and on ------------------------ ক্রমাগত। 
A gala day--------------------------- আনন্দের দিন। 
Of course - -------------------------অবশ্যই। 
In due time - -------------------------যথা সময়। 
Every other day ------------------- একদিন পর পর। 
Lose heart --------------------------- নিরাশ হওয়া। 
Summer friends -------------------- সুসময়ের বন্ধু। 
Heyday -------------------------------সুসময়। 
A far cry ----------------------------- অনেক ব্যবধান। 
Come to life -------------------- জ্ঞান ফায়ার পাওয়া 
Fair play ------------------------- ন্যায় বিচার। 
Without hesitation--------------- বিনা দ্বিধায়। 
Sooner or later---------------- আজ না হোক কাল। 
As far as it goes---------------- এই ব্যাপারে যত টুকু বলা যাই। 

Parts of Speech

Parts of Speech


A 'noun' is a word used to name a person, place, thing, feeling or idea.
For example:
girl, home, ball, fear, plan
There are different types of nouns.

Common noun

A common noun is used to name ordinary things.

For example:
people: child, doctor, gardener
places: shop, school, park
things: table, magazine,
computer; summer

Proper noun

A proper noun is used to name a particular person, place or thing. It always begins with a capital letter. For example:
people: Anna, Brodie, Robin Hood, Mrs. Singh
places: Scotland, Dublin, Egypt
things: January, Tuesday, RMS Titanic

Collective noun

A collective noun is one word used to name a group of things or animals.
For example:
anthology of stories
bunch of bananas, flowers
choir of singers
the flock of birds, sheep
litter of pups, pigs
the troop of monkeys, scouts
vineyard of grapes

Abstract noun

An abstract noun is a word used to name a quality, feeling or condition. It is something that cannot be seen, heard or touched.
For example:
love, happiness, fear, anger, fun, empathy, apathy, safety, excitement


 A 'pronoun' is a word used in place of a noun. A pronoun does the same job as a noun. There are different types of pronouns.

Personal pronoun

A personal pronoun is used to refer to you, me, other people and things. For example:
me you
he him she
her it we
us they them

Possessive pronoun

A possessive pronoun is used to show possession. A possessive pronoun never uses an apostrophe.
For example:
mine yours his
hers its ours
yours theirs whose

Indefinite pronoun

An indefinite pronoun is an `unlimited' pronoun.
For example:
somebody anybody nobody
everybody someone no-one
everyone anything nothing
something everything anyone
A 'verb' is a word used to show action or a state of being. Every sentence should have a verb. There are different types of verbs.

Action verb

An action verb can be used alone in
a sentence. For example:
I love eating chocolate.
My sister always laughs at my
Some action verbs are things we cannot see.
For example:
I thought about buying a puppy.
enjoyed the film.
Action verbs also show the 'tense', which indicates the time of the
action or state of being. 

 Present tense

The action is happening right now. For example:
The baby is crying.
The puppy is barking.

Past tense

The action has already happened. For example:
The baby cried all night.
The puppy barked all day.

Future tense

The action will happen in the future. For example:
The baby will cry.
The puppy will bark all day.

Helping verb

A helping verb is often used with other verbs. It is also called an `auxiliary verb'.
There are 23 helping verbs.
They are:
may      might      Must
be      being     been
am        are          is
was       were     do
does      did          should
could     would     have
had   has       will
can    shall
For example:
My brother has been talking on the phone for hours.
My mum was smiling at my dad.
Not all sentences have or need a helping verb.

One of the most important things to remember is the 'noun-verb agreement'.This is when we consider the singular or plural nature of the noun in the sentence. If we use a singular noun, then we use a singular verb.

For example:
The child is happy.
The farmer was planting seeds.
If we use a plural noun, then we use a plural verb.
For example:
The children are happy.
The farmers were planting seeds.

Appropriate Preposition Example

Appropriate Prepositions with Examples

Abide by a decision-----------------মেনে চলা। 
Abide in a place----------------------বাস করা। 
Abide with a person-----------------কারো সঙ্গে বাস করা। 
Absent from school------------------ অনুপস্থিত থাকা। 
Abound in/with somthing-------------পরিপূর্ণ থাকা। 
Abstain from---------------------------কোনো কিছু থেকে বিরত থাকা। 
Absorbed in studies------------------মগ্ন থাকা 
Ability for/in some work--------------সামর্থ্য 
Accessible to a person or place---প্রবেশযোগ্য 
Access to a person-------------------প্রবেশাধিকার 
Accession to the throne-------------সিংহাসনে আরোহন 
Accede to a request------------------অনুরোধ রক্ষা করা 
According to----------------------------অনুসারে
Add to something---------------------যোগ করা 
Admit of an excuse ------------------সুযোগ না পাওয়া 
Admit to / into a plase /school-----ভর্তি করা 
Adverse to interest-------------------স্বার্থের পরিপন্থী 
Affection for----------------------------কারও জন্য স্নেহ থাকা 
Afflicted with a disease-------------আক্রান্ত 
Afraid of something------------------ভীত 
Agree with a person-----------------একমত 
Ahead of-------------------------------সম্মুখে 
Aim at something-------------------- লক্ষ করা 
Aware of something------------------সচেতন। 
Belong to a person------------------অধিকারে থাকা 

Beneficial to something------------উপকারী
Blame a person for something---দোষ দেওয়া 
Busy with something---------------ব্যস্ত থাকা। 
Burst into tears----------------------কান্নায় ভেঙে পড়া 

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Present Perfect Continuous Tense
[S +Aux -have been/has been+V+ing]
কোনো কাজ অতীত কালকে আরম্ভ হওয়ার এখনো চলছে , ভবিষ্যতেও চলতে পারে ---এরকম বোঝালে verb এর Present Perfect Continuous Tense হয়
Ex -
I have been living in this town since 1950. আমি ১৯৫০ সাল থেকে এই শহরে বাস করছি।
Affirmative Sentence 
[S+Aux+V+ing+other words+Time phrase]
1- He has been reading since morning.
2-You have been standing here for one hour.
একটু লক্ষ করলেই দেখবে Time phrase এর আগে একটা since বা for  বসেছে। 
  • কোথায় since  আর কোথায় for  বসবে ?
  • আর Time phrase ব্যাপারটা বা কি ?
নিচে দেখো 
* Time phrase মানে সময় - বাচক একটা কথা।
* Time phrase-টা Period of Time বোঝালে Time phrase এর আগে for বসবে।
* Time phrase-টা Point of Time বোঝালে Time phrase এর আগে since  বসবে
* বাংলা বাক্যে-ধরে / যাবৎ থাকলে Period of Time বোঝাবে আর Time phrase এর আগে for বসবে।
* বাংলা বাক্যে-হইতে/থেকে  থাকলে Point of Time বোঝাবে আর Time phrase এর আগে Since বসবে।
* অন্য ভাবেও ব্যাপারটা মনে রাখতে পারো।  বারের সময় (sunday,monday etc.) মাসের নাম (may ,July etc.) সাল (1930,1860 etc.) সময় (সকাল ৬টা , বিকাল ৪টা ইত্যাদি ) এমন থাকলে Point of Time বুঝবে , আর Time phrase এর আগে since  বসবে। আর তা না হলে for  বসবে।
  • Point of Time - Since
  • Period of Time - For
  1. He has been sleeping since evening . সে সন্ধ্যে থেকে ঘুমাচ্ছে। 
  2. Rambabu has been servicing in the office for ten years. রামবাবু দশ বছর ধরে এই অফিসে চাকরি করছেন। 
  3. It has been raining dawn. ভোর থেকে বৃষ্টি হচ্ছে। 
Negative Sentence 
[S+have not been/has not been+V+ing+other words+Time phrase]
1-He has not been sleeping since morning.সে সাকল থেকে  ঘুমাচ্ছে না।
2-We have not been working for an hour. আমরা এক ঘন্টা ধরে কাজ করছি না।
3-He has not been dancing since 7 P.M. সে সন্ধ্যা ৭ থেকে নাচছে না।

Affirmative Sentence (হাঁ -বাচক )

 Affirmative Sentence (হাঁ -বাচক )
[ Subject + Verb + Other Words ]
S -মানে Subject / V-মানে Verb(মূল Verb ) / Other Words -মানে Object ; 
Complement;  Adverbial . (  S  +  V +  O  +  C  +  A  )
অর্থাৎ Present Indefinite Tense এ Affirmative Sentence গঠন করতে হলে,  Sentence এর প্রথমে Subject  তারপর Verb , তারপর other  words বসবে 
যেমন ,

1- He eats rice , এখানে He -Subject , eats -Verb , Rice - Object
2-They are happy, এখানে They -S , are  - V , happy -C
3- She drinks milk.এখানে She-S ,  drink-V ,  milk - O .
4- You sing in the moring. এখানে You-S ,  Sing-V ,  in the  morning -A.
* in the moring - সময় বোঝাচ্ছে বলে Adverbial বলা হয়।
[এই কথা গুলো অবশ্যই মনে রাখবে]
Subject টা  যদি Third Person Singular number হয় তাহলে তার Verbএর সঙ্গে  s/es যোগ করতে হয়।কিন্তু  subject টা  third person plural হলে বা  first person বা  second person হলে  এরকম s/es যোগ করতে হবে না

Have  Verb  এর ক্ষেত্রে ব্যাপারটা কেমন দেখো।  এক্ষেত্রে Verb এর সঙ্গে s /es যোগ করার মানে হলো Has বসানো 
যেমন ,
I  (First Person)   have
You  (Second Person)   have
They   (Third person Plural)   have
Tom & john   (Third person Plural)   have
He (Third person singular) Has
She (Third person singularHas
It (Third person singularHas
Tom (Third person singularHas
She   has      a nice pen .
(S)    (V)           (O)
They   have    a big house
(S)      ( V )        (O)
এখানে Object  থাকলেও কিন্তু সাধারণ ভাবে Passive Voice করা হয় না।
"The Verbs in this pattern have a noun or pronoun as direct object. but conversion to the possive voice is not possible." 
A. S. Hornby.

'Be' Verb এর ক্ষেত্রে ঝামেলা কম
I - এর সঙ্গে am
আর subject  Singular  হলে is  ও Plural  হলে অরে-
যেমন -
Present Indefinite Tense  এ Affirmative  এর সম্ভাব্য sentence গুলো হলো :
1- He reads English
2- You buy a pen
3- She dances
4- They go to school everyday.
5- We are students.
6- He is a nice doll.
7- I have a good shirt.
মনে রাখবে 
 😊 Present Indefinite Tense এর Auxiliary verb do এবং dose .
 😊 সাধারণ ভাবে Present Indefinite Tense এর affirmative sentence -এ Auxiliaryবসে না , তবে এর ব্যতিক্রমও আছে।
 😊 Verb এর কাজের ওপর জোর দিতে Auxiliary do  বা dose  বসে।
যেমন -
1- I do feel for you. আমি তোমার কথা ভাবি (অনুভব করি )
2- He dose needs a sweater. তার একটা সোয়েটার বিশেষ ভাবে দরকার